نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 استاد دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 پژوهشگر دکتری معماری منظر دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The increase and diversify of Persian garden studies, in spite of their numerous advantages, because of not paying enough attention to the theoretical framework, leads to contentions which is relating to their internal more than external validity. a critical issue is the meaning of garden’s sacredness as paradise. the sacredness as a fixed model, or limiting sacredness to the physical realities and other thoughts, has not been differentiated clearly in studies. so the audience will be confused about wisdom of Persian garden. This paper aims at categorizing Persian garden studies based on their dominant theoretical framework in order to study their internal validity by focusing on the issue of sacredness. It also tries to explain that "sudden emergence of Persian garden seems very unlikely considering the current intellect". Therefore, by categorizing the existing literature (studies) in four major structures of thought including mythical, stable essence, materialist, ever-renewed essence, they will be analyzed in order to be used in further identification and elimination of contradictions.
The used survey method is logical argument from cultural/discourse types and it consists two phases: first, library studies and arguments for explaining internal validity; second interpreting a new relation among findings and contrasting it with Persian poetry to explain external validity. Results show that Persian gardens like numerous poets of Persian art in different levels are transcended understandings of Iranian poetry feature; a feature resulting from understanding of cosmos meaning in a cycle of virtuality- intensiveness- actuality (unrested motion). The emotional presentation of this understanding, in one of its highest peaks, from Mawlana viewpoint, is the continuous presence of God. The unique aspect of Persian garden architect artist is thr consideration of this uninterrupted presence. Changes of phenomena in the garden which satisfy material to conceptual senses show intoxication from this evidence-looking view whose kindness aspect finds sacred value. The quality of Persian garden has transcended from the emergence of beauties and benefits of the material world to supernatural and isn’t stable and pre-existing.