نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
2 عضو هیئت علمی/ دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Architecture developments and urbanization in each territory reflects the social, political and cultural background of that country. On the other hand, achieving an understanding of the position of contemporary architecture in each territory in the global arena without understanding the developments of contemporary architecture of the countries with cultural, religious, regional and political similarities would not be possible. While the second Pahlavi era in Iran is the source of extensive developments, in the Middle East and in the contemporary years of this period (1940 to 1980) the political and social currents and therefore architecture in Turkey was formed with the same backgrounds with Iran.
Thus, this study seeks to identify factors affecting architecture in Iran and Turkey, and compares the contemporary architectural developments in the two countries. In this study, differences and similarities in the contributing factors and also the architectural developments in the two countries have been questioned. It has also been tried the contemporary architectural developments in the two countries be possible through the field of comparative study. To facilitate the comparisons, the same time periods in Iran and Turkey have been introduced based on social and political developments and consequently the architecture, in the two countries. In this study, historical interpretation methods along with field study are used. The results of the study analyses the comparisons of various aspects of architecture developments and urbanization based on the mentioned periods and shows the overall similarity in compliance with the international currents and the other currents in the above-mentioned three periods, contemporary architectural rends in these two countries do not meet the objective.