نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 دکتری معماری، مرمت شهری. استادیار شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.
2 کارشناس ارشد طراحی شهری دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان. نویسنده مسئول
عنوان مقاله [English]
Unsteady, hastily and inharmonic development of urban framework is one of the main factors in emerging urban issues especially social class status, bioenvironmental, framework decrease. In many years, most of development cases are not planed based on a system due to a wrong picture of development concept and method. At last, it is done by the simplest method in the original lands which are around the cities, it has followed some irrecoverable issues, for example, we did not care about the abandoned and unused areas in the cities, and the cities observe the horizontal and disjoined growth and it resulted in their instability. To solve these problems and reduce the incoming pressure on the cities peripheral lands and environment, a modern approach is introduced for internal development as the most stable development pattern for cities. Internal development is a policy which aims to achieve a balanced, harmonic and stable development in order to identify, plan for the optimum usage of existing development capabilities within the urban areas. We should mention that the optimum usage doesn’t mean the framework development of existing opportunities, but the approach follows social, cultural, bioenvironmental and economic aims. The internal development emphasizes on the effective exploitation of vacant and abandoned lands within cities in compared to the other policies of urban development, it targeted a wide variety of vacant and unused parts within the cities and with different scales. Among these, military plants and lands can be an opportunity for cities revival with a wide range in the cities as one of the most important internal development capabilities. The revival of these areas has been resulted in many urban economic and social investments returns due to their urban infrastructure, so it enjoys a significant importance in the internal development policy. The current study aims to achieve comprehensive framework. To achieve this goal, first we review the internal development literature and present theories and policy background in Iran and other parts in the world, also we reread the concept of military lands development and its approaches, its importance is specified in the urban development, then in the second step with documentation of two internal and external experience and investigation of implemented plans weaknesses and strengths, the field of theoretical knowledge upgrade provides in the arena of internal development with reliance on the knowledge to have more effective policies. The Study method is an analytic interpretive based on studies and evaluation of case study, it is tried to deal with investigation of that subject by internet and library documents help. The obtained results of study showed that the redevelopment of military lands which are within the cities is one of the most important opportunities of internal development. These lands where in the past time were formed around the cities, by passing the time they have been located in the cities with urban framework growth, they assigned wide areas to themselves, finally they can offer some unique opportunities for the cities stable development. Military lands redevelopment, in addition to the district quality in the project field , and affecting on the peripheral context can be as a drive in the urban recreation plans. So planning should be done foe redevelopment of these areas by evaluating the capability related to the needs, services-functional shortages of peripheral context and these areas dominance. Also the results show that redevelopment of these fields requires the management systematic with internal development policy growing. A structure which performs well with coordination and consistent with other components. Otherwise, the present structure is fading and meeting the goals is not possible. Many of these projects are important due to management barriers which have not been solved and custodian support of these lands to transfer their ownership in an imperfect way and the final goal has not been met. In other words, existing treasure protection, which is countries contemporary heritage, is considered important. Finally, based on the results emphasized that there is a significant relation between presence and government involvement, mayoralty, local organizations and private sector with military lands successful revival, it shows that the redevelopment of ineffective lands, in addition to economic benefits, influence on increasing life quality , social benefits and environmental benefits. Six main components include: harmonic management, citizenship involvement, effort for social liveliness effect on peripheral environment, bottom up planning, realization principle.