نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The way of climatic design has an important role in environmental comfort. This is more important in cities with specific climate. Through climatic factors the wind flow has a main effect on form of city. Street direction, buildings height and density, distribution of high buildings, etc are elements of urban plan that effect on wind flow style in urban public spaces.
Despite the interaction of urban design and urban wind flow has been concentrated by experts from 1950 onwards, there are not sufficient researches about this subject in Iran. There is a rich treasure of climatic design in old cities of Iran.
Bushehr, being located in northern side of Persian Gulf, has settled in hot humid region since four hundred years ago. Urban spaces of Bushehr have formed based on the climate position. We can see climatic design initiatives from whole city to buildings.
This article according to descriptive analytical method and data collection with field survey pursuits climatic design initiatives according to wind flow in old Bushehr.
Results show that urban spaces of Bushehr have formed in a hierarchy of climatic design according to regional wind. We can see this initiative hierarchy in site selection of city, distributing density in city, the specific form of plazas and streets, streets direction, streets profile, building elevation, urban spaces skylines, the form of architectural spaces and some specific architectural elements like Shenashir, Tarmeh, Boon.