عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem statement: Despite its old civilization, Syria as a newborn government and nation has recently faced numerous wars. In the last 10 years, domestic wars and the dominance of Dāʿish have caused suppression and violence, which has left a deep impression on the sociology and psychology of the people, culture, and art of this country. Art, as a vehicle to show endeavored human soul and man’s concerns, has had bilateral interaction with political, social, and cultural situations in society: realities influence art and the biological realities of the human world are shaped by it.
Research objective: Investigating and deducing the impact of the war-torn society and people on the painting of the contemporary period of Syria with the style of surrealism, especially in the works of Bassem Dahdouh, is the aim of this research.
Research method: This research answers the research questions with a descriptive and analytical approach and by studying examples of Bassem Dehdouh’s paintings, based on library studies, along with explaining the method of surrealism in Bassem Dehdouh’s works and analyzing his works.
Conclusion: study of the works of Bassem Dahdouh show us that Modern art not only played an important role in reflecting the suffering soul of man in the east and west worlds, especially during wartime, but also sowed rebellion against the war situation. This study descriptive and analytical aims to represent and reflect war, violence, and suppression effects on the last 10 years of Syrian surrealism paintings.