تحلیل معیارهای کالبدی بناهای میان‌افزا به منظور به‌کارگیری در طراحی و ارزشیابی آنها

نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگر دکتری معماری، گروه معماری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه معماری،گروه معماری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه معماری، گروه معماری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

بیان مسئله: تاکنون رویکردهای مختلفی در خصوص طراحی بناهای میان‌افزا مطرح شده که دسته‌بندی آن رویکردها عمدتاً با تأکید بر موضوعات کالبدی بوده ‌است. از این رو معیارهای کالبدی در طراحی بناهای میان‌افزا واجد اهمیت هستند ولیکن می‌توان گفت با توجه به عدم وجود گفتمانی واحد در خصوص معیارهای کالبدی تأثیرگذار برای انتخاب رویکردها از نظر نظریه‌پردازان و همچنین وجود تفاوت‌های محرز در مورد معیارهای معرفی‌شده و فقدان برخی معیارها در این تعاریف، اهمیت درنظرگرفتن تمامی معیارهای کالبدیِ مؤثر و دستیابی به یک مجموعة منسجم ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.
هدف پژوهش: هدف این پژوهش تحلیل و بررسی نظریات مختلف به منظور تدقیق و دستیابی به مجموعه‌ای جامع از معیارهای کالبدی تأثیرگذار در انتخاب و تعریف رویکردها و دسته‌بندی آن‌ها در معیارهای اصلی و زیرمعیارها به جهت به‌کارگیری در طراحی و ارزشیابی بناهای میان‌افزاست.
روش تحقیق: این پژوهشِ توصیفی-تحلیلی به منظور ساماندهی معیارهای اشاره‌‌شده از سوی نظریه‌پردازان و نهادهای مرتبط در سامانه‌ای جامع‌تر، از راهبرد استدلال منطقی و تکنیک تحلیل محتوا با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه‌ای، بهره گرفته است.
نتیجه‌گیری: در نتیجة این پژوهش تمامی آن معیارها در چهار حوزة کلیِ 1. موقعیت ‌قرارگیری، 2. فرم و شکل، 3. مقیاس و تناسبات، 4. ویژگی‌های ظاهری مصالح به دلیل داشتن بیشترین فراوانی و اهمیت در مبانی بررسی شده، به عنوان معیارهای اصلی، طبقه‌‌بندی شده و سپس زیرمعیارهای هر یک از آن‌ها در قالب یک نمودار ارائه ‌شده ‌است تا بتوانند به منظورِ تعیین رویکردهای مختلف در خصوص طراحی و ارزشیابی بناهای میان‌‌افزا کمک‌‌کننده باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Physical Criteria of Infill Buildings to be Used in Design and Evaluation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elahe Niaei 1
  • Khosro Daneshjoo 2
  • Mohammadreza Bemanian 3
1 Ph.D. Student in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Problem statement: So far, various approaches have been raised regarding the design of infill buildings that usually, categorization of these approaches has been focused on physical topics. Therefore, it can be said that the issue of physical criteria is very important in the design of infill buildings. In this regard, according to the lack of a unified discourse about effective physical criteria to select approaches from theorists point of view, as well as the existence of obvious differences in the introduced criteria and the lack of some criteria in these definitions, it seems necessary to consider all the effective physical criteria and achieve a coherent set from them.
Research objective: Therefore, this study’s primary goal is to analyze and investigate various theories to scrutinize and achieve a comprehensive complex of effective physical criteria in selecting and defining the approaches and the other purpose of the research is to classify those criteria in the form of main criteria and sub-criteria to use them in designing and evaluating infill buildings.
Research method: Regarding the methodology, it can be said that this descriptive-analytical research has used the logical reasoning strategy and the content analysis technique using library recourses to organize the indicated criteria by theorists and related organizations in a more comprehensive system.
Conclusion: Therefore, all those criteria are classified as the main criteria in four general areas: 1. Position 2. Form & shape 3. Scale and proportions 4.Material appearance characteristics, due to having the highest frequency and importance in the studied literature of research. Then, their sub-criteria are presented in the form of a diagram  to help determine different approaches to the design &evaluation of infill buildings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physical criteria
  • Infill Buildings
  • historical environment
  • designation
  • evaluation
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