نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 استادیار دانشکده معماری، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران
2 پژوهشگر دکتری معماری منظر، لابراتوار نظر، ایران، دانشگاه پاریس 8، فرانسه.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The first step to understand phrases and verses in a text is to understand the meanings and combinations correctly. History of Linguistics and Anthropology of Iran suggests that the notation and understanding of landscape has always existed in this country and there is a meaningful relationship between the concept and the imagined space. Landscape is an old and common concept which was used in many primary Hijri centuries’ poems with similar form and varied meanings. The most prevalent changes regarding this term is its meaning which changes from appearance to inside and from an object to a subject and different narratives of seeing are depicted like viewpoint, window, porch, scene, sky and view. The term "landscape" has a set of sublunary and spiritual meanings and contains descriptive and conceptual aspects. Descriptive aspect narrates the appearance and it is an allegory of morals and an introduction to understand the conceptual aspect.
This paper studies the concept of landscape in the poems of primary Hijri centuries (3rd to 7th) to indicate its importance and role in the past and now. In order to understand "landscape" and its themes, the old poems of that era are studied here.