نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر.
2 استادیار دانشکده معماری، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Statement of Problem: Apart from the structure of the city and arrangement of urban spaces, the evolution of modern cities seems to have become a dead texture of the city, and has been separated from its systematic structure in the old cities. Obviously, the entrance of the contemporary cities cannot imitate the entrance system of the ancient cities, since if the city is defined as a system consisting of various historical, natural, environmental, cultural, economic, etc. layers, it will be found that the entrance of this city cannot be defined apart from its structural layers. The entrance recovers its identity in association with the structural layers of the city in the systematic structure of the current cities. This association requires identification of the entrance capabilities and its effect on urban spaces.
Investigation of the entrance of the contemporary cities is necessary in order to achieve the nature of the entrance as a perspective location, its essence and realization of its identity for redefining its concept in modern urbanization1. The entrance of the city as part of a whole needs redefining the entrance position in the city system. In that light, the present study’s aim is to attempt to explain the perceived indicative parameters of modern cities.
The present research is a descriptive-analytic study, in which, library has been used as the data collection tool. Believing in the city’s layered mechanism, this study has investigated the concept of the city entrance as a perspective location, and has ultimately provided the indicators of the entrance of contemporary cities.
The entrance is a window for perception of the city’s landscape and is an element to create an independent identity for the city landscape. Entrance perception requires regarding the semantic dimension of presence along the physical side. The city entrance as an indicator, apart from its physical identity, lies more in its semantic identification, as the entrance of the city does not have an identity independent of the city, rather the entrance is an element for creating an independent identity for the city landscape. The entrance is the dense modern perspective of a city, which is the today’s statement of the city. With this definition, entrance is not a joint, as the joint is an independent identity regardless of outside and inside. However, the entrance is not an independent identity; rather, it is a combination of identities.