نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه فرش دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران.
2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه گرافیک دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem Statement: Studying the carpets belonging to the pre-Islamic era, scholars are faced with different challenges like the lack of written sources and even pictorial samples of those carpets. Studying the samples belonging to the Sassanid era of Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyah in Kuwait helps us to investigate the most prominent decorative designs and even the visual characteristics.
Research objectives: The structure of the mentioned carpets was examined to answer the following questions:
How many types of decorative motifs are there in the carpets of Sassanid era?
How many types of patterns are derived from the general structure of the study samples?
What are the visual relationships between the elements and composed spaces in the study samples?
Research method: The research method employed in this study is descriptive-analytic. Data were also collected through library research.
Conclusion: Findings show that the motifs in the examined handmade samples are represented in three categories as follows: geometric, plants and animals. There are also some structural systems derived from the layout of motifs in different spaces of the carpets such as simple floor, gridding and Pictorial. It was recognized that using the same motifs is related to the unique patterns of the specific era.