نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
.*دکتری باستانشناسی، دانشیار دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
This article tries to represent very briefly multiform and multifarious or multi functional aspects of monumental architecture of Iran. Every work of art in general and every monumental architecture particularly as a material text produces uniquely its own message and its own identity or its own context. We can put the issue very geometrically by employing the method of classification and categorization of monumental architecture of Iran according to its structure and its content. As we know every monumental work of art or architecture produce historic memory and socio-cultural identity of this or that period, this or that group of people in this or that geography or environment that has been created. One probably has been created for representation of political power other for expressing ritual or aesthetic values. In monumental work of art of Iran in general and monumental architecture particularly from ancient times to contemporary period we can find all these multifarious aspects. To reread and reunderstand monumental architecture as a part of material culture language, or iconic language implies not only rereading and reundrestanding how monumental architecture comes to a different category of communication or discourse but also invites us to recall or memorize and participate to divers circles, levels, aspects and as well as stages of our cultural heritage. Concern with the nature of such material culture language is of long standing in related to different category of language with its own grammar and rules of decode. Monumental architecture as material or as iconic language includes its own metaphorical act of mind particularly and man as polyglot being in general. In each process of foundation and structural activity of monumental architecture as language paralleling metaphorical with visualizing and memorizing of whole our way or mode of being in this or that period as well as in this or that historic geography in its multifarious aspects. Monumental architecture as iconic or as material language includes uniquely both verbal and textual aspects as well as conceptual language in its own way of expression very actively and very expressively. Another fundamental focus of the underlying discussion concerns multifarious associations of monumental architecture and collective memory particularly and memory in general. Each act of structuring monumental architecture naturally intertwined to active shaping identity. Obviously, active role and participation of collective memory in micro and macro scale to discuss about founding and structuring of monumental architecture as well as shaping identity is quite difficult.