عنوان مقاله [English]
Studying the Effects of Ethnic Culture in appearance of Seljuk Furniture
Before the Seljuk reaches the power, they were a nomadic tribal who lived pastoral and nomadic style, so urban lifestyle habits and the adoption of the law and order was inconsistent with their nomad and desert nature. This caused them to be less familiar with the customs of urbanization living. Seljukians after capturing Neyshabour, where they were introduced to Iranian statecraft and since these tribes were nomad under Iranians shifty, especially Iranians ministers themselves were taught the principles of the urban life rule, Iranians impressed many of their art tastes. Nevertheless, this has not resulted in the loss of ethnic culture of Seljukian and their many tribal customs and folklore traditions were protected and mixed with the Iranians culture.
In this respect the art, that is always a product of its time, become a place for the fusion and confluence of Iranian-Seljuk culture. Furniture also as a functional art (especially court seating) expresses the attitude and culture of each period.
In light of the relative calm in this period, Decorative Arts were in full bloom and innovation; the objects produced for people were in high structural quality and highly decorative. But whatever makes worthy for this research the arts of this period, is the tradition of using the motif of a figure that has led furniture, especially seating, to be as one of the most important elements of trappings of sovereignty manifested in the designs engraved on glazing vessel, illumination, etc. Thus, it may recognize that Seljuk art, especially porcelain decorative motifs, are as encyclopedic image of Seljuk seating .
Furniture as an art - industry has always been closely associated with humans as a user and habits and social life of peoples and civilizations throughout different histories. This art - applied object, especially in courtier seating, in addition to the application aspect also has a concept. Thrones are always carriers of symbols such as sovereignty and power; and have expressed the attitude of the rulers in a symbolic language
Seljuk seating, due to exaggerated shortness and the user’s sitting form that before it is unprecedented in Iranian furniture, caused to engage the reader's mind the why of this type of structure. Hence, in this study, it is tried with a sociological look to the social and political situation of Seljuk and also evaluation the aesthetic style of furniture (seating) of this period to answer to these questions: What causes can be implicated in the appearance of the Seljuk furniture? With a sociological look, can the affecting factors be recognized?
The findings of this study strengthen this hypothesis that the Seljuk furniture is a product of a nomad tribal culture and their traditional behaviors fusion with an urban culture and governance traditions of Iran.
Keywords: Seljuk of Iran, Seljuk Furniture, Salajegheh political and social situation in Iran, short seating