عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Various kinds of factors have an important role in the cities' formation and spaces organization, including religious, economical, and geographical or continental. Cosmogony or religious values have been the most significant agents in order to creation of urban spaces inthe Islamic Iran.waqftradition as a sublime religious value has caused to creation diverse spaces with different performances in the cities contexof Iran in the Islamic era. The current study has begun with questions about influence of devotion on the formation of city spaces of "ray" city in Qajar dynasty. The history of devotion tradition in Islamic era in Iran and other Islamic countries is reviewed, in order to responsibility to above question and perception of devotion role.Afterwards, the historical background and formation process of Ray city has discussed; and some questions has answered on the issues of general condition of Qajar period and government role in the organization of waqfspaces in Ray city and relation and usage of endowed monuments with other city spaces. To achieve these goals, the original and primary sources of Qajar period have studied, and then, we have got assistance to recognition of endowed monuments, from organizations such as Endowments Offices in Tehran and Ray, and Endowments office of Astan-e hazrat.abdolazimhasaniSubsequently, endowed monuments of this period identified in Ray city, and their relation, function, and role in the formation of city spaces have examined based on theoretical framework of devotion role in the urbanism.
Coinciding of raised assumptions with information derived from documents and field survey across the city,indicates that there are high percentage of correspondence between assumptions and the roles of devotion in the spaces formation of Ray city in the Qajar period. In other words, devotion role must be considered as a space creative and developer force in the structure of Ray city in the Qajar dynasty.