عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Vulnerability of cities to environmental hazards in countries with high-risk environments has become a significant challenge against fields of urbanism, engineering management, and urban planning. Research and related documentation suggest that despite studies done over the past seven decades on old and worn fabric of the historic cities, Seismic vulnerability of these fabrics was taken into consideration since the1990s. However, In Iran, it was given special importance in the mid 70's referring to the fact that this issue was ignored for a long time. Modern cities around the world are constantly exposed to the risks of natural disasters for various reasons, including positioning, poor physical development, and non-compliance with the required standards. One of these dangers threatening many cities around the world including our country is earthquake. Necessity to reduce vulnerability to earthquakes was considered as one of the main purposes of spatial planning, urban planning, and urban design. There are many old towns with problems related to improper urban planning and development of urban rusty textures that are endangered by earthquake risk and its resulting damage. Tehran, as the capital city of Iran with an important and critical situation, has a large zone of distressed areas most of which are located on a major fault and are considered as a serious threat to the city and its inhabitants. Therefore, it was necessary to study of vulnerabilities in old neighborhood of the holy shrine of St. Hasan. The purpose of this study was to develop strategies for organizing these textures and to reduce their vulnerability to earthquakes using SWOT model and QSPM matrix. It is an applied- strategic research conducted by a descriptive- analytical method. In addition to several library studies, it has also taken advantage of a survey. To collect and evaluate information of the survey, Delphi technique, questionnaires, and interviews with experts and officials have been used. The findings suggest that the rusty texture surrounding the neighborhood of this holy shrine needs to abandon the status quo, that is, its weaknesses should be recognized, and meanwhile, its threats need to be avoided. Several strategies such as renovation and improvement programs, special attention on crisis management, creation of a central agency to regulate programs related to rusty textures, establishment of appropriate contexts for increasing economic activities in the neighborhood, providing infrastructure to attract investments to modernize the neighborhood, increasing green open spaces have been implemented. The results of this planning are based on the quality of the input data compared with the strategic planning. As the highest priority strategies and programs, reconstruction and renovation of the environment along with widening the roads foe delivering better services in critical conditions for organizing the distressed areas of this holy shrine were identified as the most effective strategies.