نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه فرش، دانشکدۀ هنر، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه صنایعدستی، دانشکدۀ هنر، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem statement: Turkmen handwoven and handkerchiefs are a field of native arts that, while meeting the needs of life and highlighting the artistic identity, have been a vehicle for revealing beliefs through the representation of abstract motifs. The critical point in these works is the importance and exceptional attention to the semantic and belief-oriented aspects of the motifs, along with the aesthetic dimension. This issue is relatively less in other nomadic societies. In the lifestyle of Turkmen society, there is a prominent presence of ancient (shamanic) and religious beliefs, rituals, and teachings that are presented to the audience through abstract artworks. Therefore, we can do an anthropological study on the Turkmen weavers’ worldview, which presents in the paintings. This approach seeks to study and understand artworks’ content in their creators’ cultural context. So the central question of the research is, what are the anthropological characteristics of Turkmen handwoven and handkerchief motifs? And how can we study their semantics and aesthetics in terms of this aspect and Turkmen cultural contexts?
Research objective: This study attempts to examine and understand Turkmen’s handmade motifs in the context of Turkmen weaving culture.
Research method: The type of this study is qualitative and developmental and its method is descriptive-analytical with a library data collection.
Conclusion: The dominant style of painting motifs is more discrete than abstract. Also, the motifs are created relying on beliefs more than they have aesthetics (decorative) and symbolic and semantic aspects. Most of the motifs include the group of protective motifs (prayer, spell, armband), ram, local birds, and flowers (bergamot) That has a special marker and form in each tribe. Also, handmade have special functions.