عنوان مقاله [English]
Statement of the problem: The components of the historical core of Tehran used to be integrated and united in the past; that is to say despite the plurality of the constituents of Tehran, its original form was featured with unique identity and integrity.Dramatic and fast growth in Tehran city has caused acute problems whose roots are different socio-economic - political and cultural issues. Such problems have reinforced a negative image of the city.The coherent image of the city in the past included the mass of constructions, buildings, roads (open and covered paths) and open spaces (fields and squares). The disunity or disintegration among the urban components has been caused by two factors: a) Rapid development of the city without considering the rules of historical zones and b) the production of massive and irrational architecture. Currently, the concept of the city has undergone serious changes in terms of social relations and values.The problem is that the historical context of Tehran has seen such a drastic change despite the effort of urban organizations.Fifteen Khordad Avenue, between Cirus and Galobandak crossroads, is one of the most important historical axes in Tehran.
Purpose: This axis used to link the government with people in the past and was a platform for social interactions in Tehran.It has been Takiyeh Dowlat that has already changed its historical identity.This research attempts to investigate how historical identity of Takiyeh Dowlat as the center of social interactions of Tehran city can be revived?
Method: The research method in the available studies is analytical-descriptive. The present study is applied-developmental in nature. This historical area of the city was analyzed and to identify the factors promoting the relationship between the city and the citizen while maintaining the sustainability and historical authenticity of the urban open space..
Conclusion: This research aims to compare the historical open space of Tekyieh Dowlat with the only painting which has been remained from this building. Based on the field and analytical analysis, the study concludes that by revitalizing values through Tekyieh Dowlat, the lost originality and historical identity of this urban area would certainly be reconstructed.