عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem statement: The word participation was introduced for the first time in European political affairs for the participation of men in voting and decision-making, about two hundred years ago. Subsequently, the use of this word gradually became widespread in other social and environmental dimensions of Europe. From around 1991 until now in Iran, we see an increasing use of this word in various dimensions. Thus, phrases such as political participation, social participation, civil participation, participatory management and landscape participation become popular over the last few decades. Despite the frequent use of participation in landscape in technical texts, the exact meaning of this term is not specified anywhere, and several texts have considered different meanings for it.
Purpose: Given this conceptual multiplicity of participation in landscape, as well as the use of multiple and similar phrases for these concepts, the purpose of this paper is to examine the concept of participation in landscape design.
Research Methodology: The research method is qualitative and content analysis. At first, the concept of the word "participation" and similar words have been examined in the Iranian texts. Then, in terms of the word "landscape", the experts view has been considered. Finally, the concepts that can be comprehended from the word "participation in landscape" are explained from the perspective of domestic writers. Also, the concept of participation in landscape design in English has also been reviewed.
Conclusion: Finally, a concept was found for "participation in landscape design" through the studies that in addition to considering the objective and subjective aspects of landscape, the concept of participation in landscape design was proposed instead of other similar terms to express this concept.