عنوان مقاله [English]
Statement of the problem: Cities inherently encounter complex, interrelated, and widespread challenges
that can only be solved through a systematic approach. In other words, the accumulation of a huge mass
of people has led to chaos, and created the conditions that not only led to the collapse of the balance of the
cities but also achievement of stability is impossible with the current methods of administration and urban
development. As a result, urban planners around the world are trying to provide models with an integrative
perspective to all aspects of urbanization development in the 21st century in order to meet new demands
and expectations of today. One of the new concepts that deals with the current challenges in the field of
urban planning is development of a smart city that has attracted much attention in recent years. Smart City
has been raised as a pivotal factor of the Millennium Development that can open new concepts in urban
planning and combine capabilities of real and virtual world to solve urban problems.
Research goal: The aim of this study is to provide a foundation for researches in smart cities. In fact, it
aims to explain the concept, meanings, dimensions, attributes, indexes, conventional beliefs, challenges
and risks facing the smart city theoretically through profound analysis of relevant literature in this field and
discussing the concept.
Research Methodology: The research method is descriptive-analytical.
Results: The results show that despite extensive literature on the concept of smart cities, a clear understanding
and consensus on this issue does not exist and various academic researchers have suggested various contents.
So that some smart technologies are considered as the only or least important component of the smart city,
others have suggested a definition that goes beyond technology and believe that technology adoption is
not the end. Technologies can be used in cities to empower citizens by adapting these technologies to
their needs rather than adapting their lives to the requirements of technology. In addition, the meaning of a
smart city is multifaceted. The key point is that cities must respond to changes in the context in which they
operate. Moreover, what should be considered as intelligent depends on a variety of underlying conditions
such as the political system, geography and dissemination of technology. In fact, smart solutions simply
cannot be copied; therefore, the value for each field should be evaluated differently.
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