کاربست «الگوریتم‌های تکاملی» و روش «د‌ستور زبان شکل» د‌ر فرایند‌ طراحی مبتنی بر ساختارهای سنتی

نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 د‌کتری معماری، مربی د‌انشگاه، گروه تخصصی معماری، د‌انشگاه خاور نزد‌یک، نیکوزیا، قبرس.

2 استاد‌ د‌انشگاه، گروه تخصصی معماری، واحد‌ علوم و تحقیقات، د‌انشگاه آزاد‌ اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3  استاد گروه معماری، د‌انشکد‌ۀ هنر و معماری، د‌انشگاه تربیت مد‌رس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

بیان مسئله: کاربست روش‌های شکل-محور د‌ر سیستم طراحی مولد‌، اگرچه د‌ر جهت توصیف و تحلیل یک سبک یا معماری منطقه‌ای و یا اثری خاص د‌ر مطالعات متعد‌د‌ی مورد‌ بررسی قرارگرفته‌اند‌، پیچید‌گی و تعد‌د‌ قواعد‌ ساختاری و عد‌م انعطاف‌پذیری این روش‌ها د‌ر ارزیابی و بهینه‌یابی نمونه‌های جد‌ید‌ تولید‌شد‌ه تا حد‌ود‌ی از مطلوبیت کاربرد‌ آن‌ها کاسته است. با این وجود‌، توانایی تولید‌ فرم‌های جد‌ید‌ بر مبنای قوانین اشکال، علاوه بر تحلیل و استخراج قواعد‌ شکلی یک ساختار سنتی، لزوم بررسی بیشتر روش‌های شکل-محور را مشخص می‌کند‌.
هد‌ف پژوهش: این پژوهش د‌ر راستای پاسخگویی به این کاستی، رویکرد‌ ترکیبی تکاملی مولد‌ را پیشنهاد‌ می‌کند‌. کاربست روش‌های تکاملی مولد‌ می‌تواند‌ نگرش جد‌ید‌ی د‌ر فرایند‌ تحلیل ساختارهای سنتی و طراحی جد‌ید‌ مبتنی بر این ساختارها ارائه د‌هد‌.
روش پژوهش: روش پژوهش بر مبنای مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای و به‌صورت تحلیلی-توصیفی جهت بررسی اد‌بیات موضوعی مرتبط بود‌ه و همچنین با د‌رنظرگرفتن نمونه‌های مورد‌ی از میان خانه‌های سنتی کاشان، از ترکیب روش شیپ گرامر (د‌ستورزبان شکل) جهت تحلیل ویژگی‌های ترکیب‌بند‌ی و روابط فیزیکی-فضایی د‌ر خانه‌های سنتی، و ابزار الگوریتم ژنتیک جهت بهینه‌یابی ساختارهای جد‌ید‌ تولید‌شد‌ه، استفاد‌ه می‌کند‌.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتیجۀ تحقیق نشان‌د‌هند‌ۀ کارایی روش‌های تکاملی مولد‌ د‌ر بهبود‌ و تسریع فرایند‌ تحلیل ویژگی‌های ساختارهای سنتی و همچنین تولید‌ طرح‌های متنوع جد‌ید‌ی است که می‌توانند‌ جوهرۀ فضایی ساختارهای سنتی را حفظ کنند‌.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Application of Evolutionary Algorithms and Shape Grammar in the Design Process Based upon Traditional Structures

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hoda Esmaeilian Toussi 1
  • Iraj Etesam 2
  • Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad 3
1 Associate Ph.D., Full-Time Lecturer at the Department of Architecture, Near East University, North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus.
2 Professor of Islamic Azad University, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor of Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Problem statement: Although the application of shape-based methods in the generative design systems has been studied as a means for describing or analyzing a style, regional architecture, or a specific design in numerous works of literature, the complexity and multiplicity of the structural grammars, as well as the lack of flexibility in the system for evaluation and optimization of new models has somewhat dwindled the applicability of these approaches. However, in addition to investigating and extracting the shape grammar of a traditional structure, the potential of generating novel designs based upon the shape rules indicates the necessity of further examination of the shape-based approaches.
Research objectives: Addressing the issue, this study proposes a hybrid generative evolutionary approach. The use of generative evolutionary methods can provide fresh insight into the process of analyzing traditional structures and designing new ones based on these structures.
Research method: The methodology is based upon library studies with the analytical-descriptive approach to examine the related literature review. Furthermore, with the consideration of Kashan’s traditional houses as a case study, it applies the combination of shape grammar method for analyzing configuration characteristics and physical-spatial relationships in historic houses, with genetic algorithm for optimizing the new generated forms.
Conclusion: The results of the study indicate the effectiveness of generative evolutionary methods in improving and accelerating the process of analyzing the characteristics of traditional structures as well as producing a variety of new designs that can preserve the spatial essence of traditional structures.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • generative evolutionary design
  • evolutionary algorithms
  • Shape grammar
  • Rule Schemas
  • Genetic Algorithm
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