Symbolic Abstraction in the Aesthetics of Baluchistan Art, A Case Study of Baluchi People’s Needlework

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. in Art Research, Nazar Research Center.

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran .


Problem statement: Baluch tribe can be considered one of the genuine Iranian tribes who has continued the livestock breeding and nomadic life in Iran. Various arts are common among this tribe, but the most important one is the art of needle-working. This art, with its geometric and highly abstract designs, displays the history of tribal Baluchi lifestyle. Like other Iranian nomadic arts, Baluchi life has a very high geometric dimension. One can also refer to the similarity of the geometric patterns of this art and the Neolithic arts. Baluch needlework art designs are categorized and studied in various humans, animals, plants, geometric shapes and marginal types.
Research question: What is the most important aesthetic aspect of Baluchi’s art of needle-working
Research objective: The recognition of the aesthetic elements of Baluchi needle working as the most important native art of the Baluchistan region
Research method: The research method is qualitative using logical reasoning. Library data and observation were taken into consideration in data collection of this research and also the objective observations of the writer and field information were effective in achieving research findings.
Conclusion: The most important aspect of these designs is their geometricity and excessive abstraction. The aesthetics of this native art can be examined in the form of a line (right and with an angle), shape (based on the shape of the triangle), texture (dense and prolific), rhythm (alternating) and color (with the domination of the red color and combination of strong and powerful colors). Symbolic abstraction can be considered as the most important aesthetic aspect of Baluchi’s art of needle-working.


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