Analyzing the Latent Logic of Inclusive Design in Vernacular Architecture of Iran with the Approach of Sustainability; Case Study: 12th District of Tehran (Safavid Fence)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Architecture, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Urbanism, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Statement of the problem: Demographic and climate changes are the main challenges in the present century. Since the 1970’s, the sustainable development and complete inclusive design has been raised as an answer to these challenges. However, the inefficiency of the architectural spaces is still a controversial issue. Although the vernacular architecture has been responsive to the public needs, at the present era, this architecture has been neglected due to not keeping up with the developments of time.
Research hypothesis and questions: It seems that by analyzing the universal design and sustainable development key criteria as well as the vernacular architecture resuscitation, we can develop the effective patterns of architecture that can contribute to the universality of spaces and their sustainability. Now, the critical question is arisen that according to the needs of vernacular architecture, which one of the criteria of the inclusive design has the ability to be applied in the sustainable vernacular architecture.
Objectives: This is an attempt to identify the convergence or divergence level of the vernacular architecture components and universal design and tries to develop an interactive pattern that is in accordance with the universal design criteria and current ecological needs can be applied in the sustainable vernacular architecture.
The research methodology of this paper is a descriptive-analytical and is based on the content analysis technique using qualitative-quantitative mixed approach. That is to say, at first, the architectural interaction pattern in compliance with the criteria of vernacular architecture, complete inclusive design, and sustainable development were developed qualitatively and then the relationships of the key criteria in this pattern and the share of each in the interactive system was determined. In this study, the Safavid fence in the district 12 of Tehran was selected as of the research and simultaneously, the qualitative and quantitative data were gathered through a questionnaire.
The interactive model we developed based on the qualitative data included six factors as resilience, contextualize, universal usage, comfort, law, and management. Analysis of the quantitative data showed that resilience had the biggest share in the interactive system.


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