Modular Products; Futuristic Strategy for Designing Future Spaces

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D in Future Studies, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran.

2 Faculty Member, University of Tehran, Iran.

3 Head of National Space Center of Iran, University of Tehran, Iran.


Today, along with the social and cultural changes which have led to the emergence of new needs, and regarding the new technological advancements, new products and methods have products in markets; one of these emerging phenomena is modular structure. The ability to choose and to diversify the range of desired products in the future is more after being supplied to the customer which allows the user in some cases to create the desired design at any moment in the future. In fact, consumers can get their desired products according to their tastes and requirements by applying functional properties. Most of the products, and some of them, are generally pre-designed and produced; however, it is possible to create various designs using some know-how and tricks. Such futuristic measures are taken at the design step and before production, i.e. they are within the framework of the action of futuristic designers. These new methods of designing building systems make it possible to provide certain flexibility. They provide usability for a longer time by making possible improvements. The benefits of this article are discussed. To provide flexibility in the space of architecture, it is essential that a smart planning system of futurism exists beside the pre-fabrication; modularity is one of them. This strategy will lead to increase the creativity and user-friendliness in the designs needed for daily life or products. This paper tries to explain the modular design strategy to provide an operational solution for the design of future human environments.


Alaghemandan, M., Shayanpour, A., Khojostemehr, F. & Khalilbeigi Khameneh, A. (2016A). Providing a method for computing architecture to optimize a high-rise building plan with a free form and modular construction capability. Third Conference on High-Rise Buildings. Tehran: Ministry of Roads and Urban Development.
Alaghemandan, M., Shayanpour, A & Mirhafez, S. (2016B). Reviewing the methods of design and construction of modular high-rise buildings based on modeling of building information. Third conference of high-rise buildings. Tehran: Ministry of Roads and Urban Development.
Asadi, Sh. & Beigzadeh, A. (2015). Affordable and high quality housing with emphasis on modulation. First conference on Architecture and Urban Design of Iran. Shiraz: Hakim Orfi Advanced Institute of Science and Technology .
Ashrafganjuie, A. & Dehghani, H. (2016). Improvement of Sustainable Development through Lean Construction (Case Study: Modular Housing). The first international conference and the 3rd National Conference on Architecture and Sustainable Urban Landscape. Mashhad: International Institute of Architecture and Urban Planning.
Behzadian, M. & Baradaran-e Kazemzadeh, R. (2006). Extending quality function for modular product architecture. Seventh International Quality Management Conference. Tehran: International Congress Summit.
Beiranvand, A., Delfan, F. & Moradi, M. (2014). Modularity and Prefabrication research on mass production of housing. Urban Management and Sustainable Development. Tehran: Iranian Society of Iranian Architecture.
Falahat, M. & Mohammadi, H. (2011). From Peymoun in traditional architecture to modularization in spacecraft structures. Third National Conference on Space Structures. Tehran: University of Tehran.
Fallahnia, M. & Zare, S. (2014). Modular design in the architecture of residential buildings. Comparison of the Iranian Peymoun System with the Le Corbusier Modular System and the Ken System in Japan. The First International Congress of New Horizons in Architecture and Urbanism. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University.
Farivar, M. (2013). Investigating the role of modular design in reducing the cost of housing construction. First National Conference on Geography, Urban Development and Sustainable Development. Tehran: Koomesh Environmental Society and Aviation University.
Glenn, J. C. & Gordon, T. (2013). Futures research methodology. Translated by Kayghobadi, M. & Malekifar, F. Tehran: Tisa.
Khezrian, A., Damavandi, M. & Hosseini, S. (2016). Modular and prefabricated approach to flexible housing. The Fifth National Conference on Sustainable Development in Geography and Planning, Architecture and Urban Science. Tehran: Center for Sustainable Development Strategies - Mehr Arvand Higher Education Institute.
Mahdizadeh, M. (2015). Comparative Comparison of Modular System in Western Architecture and Peymoun System in Iranian Architecture. The first annual conference of architecture, urban planning and urban management. Yazd: Safiran-e Rah-e Mehrazi Institute of Architecture and Urban Development.
Malekifar, A. (2008). Futuring alphabet. Tehran: Karane-ye Elm.
Mohsenin, M. (2007). Modular design of structures and architecture in residential buildings in Iran. The first conference of architecture and architecture. Tehran: University of Tehran.
Pirbabaei, M. & Amraei, B. (2009). Exploring the basics of designing modular products. Honarha-ye Ziba, 37: 69-76.
Rezaeimanesh, M. & Taghdiri, A. (2019). How to use the container system as a modular building unit. Third International Conference on Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urban Planning. Tehran: Nikan Institute of Higher Education.
Sadri, A. (2012). Prefabricated Buildings System with Planetary Modular Grid. The first national conference of ideas and technologies in architecture. Tabriz: Association of Architects of Tabriz.
Safa, M. & Fathiyeh, S. (2016). Modular and prefab modular position in modern architecture. The 5th National Conference on Sustainable Development in Geography and Planning, Architecture and Urban Science. Tehran: Center for Sustainable Development Strategies- Mehr Arvand Higher Education Institute.
Sobuti, H. & Ahmadi, J. (2015). Modular and prefabricated architecture and mass production of housing. Second National Conference on Architecture and Sustainable Urban Landscape. Mashhad: International Institute of Architecture, Mehrzashr City.