Reviewing the the Khorshid gate in Naghsh-e-Jahan square Based on descriptive-historical and visual documents

Document Type : Research Article


1 Art University of Isfahan

2 Art University of Esfahan


Statement of problem:Naghsh-e Jahan square has been formed as a prominent urban
space in Isfahan with the interaction of economic-residential, religious, and governmental
sectors in the Safavid period. This square has entrances to connect with each other. One of
this square’s routes was toward governmental part is the gate known as Khorshid. The study
of this gate helps to identify the uses around the square, spatial relationships, and hierarchy
of access during the history. Some researchers study the transformations in square and
evaluate Naghsh-e Jahan square. This research reviews the Khorshid gate for the first time
based on the historical-descriptive and visual documents of Safavid era until first Pahlavi
Methodology:this research has used library and field data. By evaluating the descriptive
and visual documents of different historical periods and present condition, the evolution
process of gate was determined from Safavid era until the collapse of Pahlavi.
Purpose:This research aims to explain the evolution process and the use of the Khorshid
gate from Safavid period until today by evaluating available historical-descriptive and
image document.
Conclusion:the evaluations revealed that in Safavid period, the given gate with three
other similar gates, have been the entrance of king’s seraglio but the Khorshid gate alone
connected the seraglio’s passage to the western side of Naghsh-e Jahan square. Visual
documents also showed that this façade, as some other royal gates of Safavid period, has
been two flats building with center doorway and false arches on both sides. In Qajar period,
by destroying seraglio, the given gate has been used just as the entry of Khorshid gate. In
the first Pahlavi period, this gate was destroyed and it is in the same situation until today.


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