Analysis of Quranic Counter-discourse in Two Miniatures of Joseph in Prison and Jonah and the fish from Shah Tahmasebi’ s Falnama

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Condidate in Islamic Art University of Tabriz & Faculty member of University of Birjand, Iran.

2 Islamic Art University of Tabriz, Iran.

3 University of Tehran.


Quranic discourse of miniature requires understanding the relationship between the text (Quran) and miniatures. Semiotics reveals the meaningful relationships of miniatures by discovering the relationship of signs with each other. Accordingly, the most important questions of the present research are: How did the counter-discourse or divine support mentioned in the Quran appear in the miniature of the two Prophets? And what pictorial relations reflect the Quranic discourse meaning?
Aim: This study is an attempt to show how the meaning is received in a pictorial narrative provided by miniature; because divine counter-discourse is analyzable in miniatures of Prophets.
Methodology: This study used discourse semiotics analysis as methodology and data were collected from available sources and two miniatures were selected from an English catalogue titled "Falnama" prepared by Masoumeh Farhad.
Results: The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. Discourse semiotics establishes a relationship between Quranic concepts and miniature. 2. Divine support from a Prophet is identified not only by presenting a miracle, but also divine support could appear in a dark prison or through swallowing by a whale.
In this semantics, the conflict between the dark and halo around the head of the Prophet, the contradiction between the plans, the action and connection of the angels’ hands with Prophet Jonah, the rotating composition and etc. are involved in understanding the interfacing factor.


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