The Use of Neoclassicism in Regeneration of the Tajrish Square in Tehran

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Urban planning, Department of Urban planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Department of Urban planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

3 Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Urban planning and neoclassical architecture, design physical spaces based on the concept of classism. Neoclassicism seeks the meaning of locations and links them to their past. As a public space, Tajrish Square plays an important role in the recreation of peoples’ memories. However, it has been invaded by unreasonable constructions which do not conform to traditional ideas. In order to prevent the deformation and the conflict between traditionalism and modernism, we will address the main question of this article: in urban planning, how does the debate on two major competing paradigms, traditionalism and modernism, can be solved using the neoclassicism method? Moreover, how can we preserve the original feature of Tajrish Square among all the public spaces in Tehran? The analytical research and discussion on data of questionnaires, lead the research to the following important conclusion: in spite of all improper images and chaos that has been occurring in Tajrish Square, it could be possible to somehow approach and redefine the lost meaning of Tajrish square with  appropriate  neoclassical architecture and urban planning. 


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