Study of the Mechanism for Organizing the Environment with the Minimum Physical Elements (Through the lens of Amos Rapoport Theory: Organization of Environment) (Case study: Qashqai Nomad’s Dwelling)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, University of Art, Tehran, Iran.

2 M.A. in Architecture. Faculty of Yazd University


Statement of the problem: Looking at interactions of human being with the environment around throughout the history shows that the humans have always adjusted and organized their relationship with their surroundings through abstraction as well as subjective reading of space. Amos Rapoport, one of the most influential figures in EBS, argues that environment is conceptualized as organization of space, time, meaning, and communication. Organization of these four aspects of the environment is the outcome of underlying rules and culture, which reflects differing in responses to environmental quality. According to environmental organization theory of Rapoport which is an introduction to understanding the environment, since the human's mind needs to comprehend the environment and categorize it he is constantly organizing his surroundings. In order to use the natural blessings of territory, due to climatic-geographical conditions of Iran, Tribal colonies formed a proper kind of housing, a movable tent. Despite the ambulant life style of Nomads, they seek the regulation of their environment and assigning meaning to it. Considering nomads special lifestyle, they require flexible housing, thus physical elements can be found in their least quantitative features in the tribes’ habitat. accordingly the problem that will be addressed in this research is occurring organization in nomadic habitation with the minimum level of physical embodiment .
Research Methodology: This survey has been conducted through number of interviews and field observation of the Qashqai tribes’ environs. The main method of this research is qualitative based on analytical descriptive.
Research Objectives: The goal of this study is to identify mechanisms for spatial organization in the most optimal possible way. In this research, the authors investigated the issue through field observations and a number of interviews conducted on the life of the Qashqai tribes using research methodology.
Conclusion: The result of the research shows that minimalizing the body wouldn’t cause any disorder in arrangement quality of the environment. Rather, the role of the body get less pivotal by substitution of the constructive components of the semantic system and time management.


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