Recognizing and Determining the Existence Reason and Functional Role of Senasir in the Historical Context of Bushehr

Document Type : Research Article


1 MA student, Landscape Design , Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Azad University, South Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 M. A. Student, Architecture, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Azad University, Kashan Branch, Iran.


Statement of the Problem: Our past architecture has always fulfilled needs of its users, displaying it in the form of architectural elements with various features. It seems that today, in order to solve many problems, these elements can be used and recreated. It should be said that in order to recreate these elements, we need to have a precise recognition of the role and function of these elements. In previous studies, these roles were not explicitly and accurately described in relation to an element of the vernacular architecture of Bushehr, known as Senasir. Objectives: Unlike previous studies, in this research, we try to investigate different dimensions of Senasir in order to find the roots and the reasons for the existence of Senasir to recover it, because the restoration of this kind of elements is necessary to solve many of our problems today, such as excessive energy consumption in order to reduce and adjust the environmental conditions in a warm and humid climate and the problems of equalization in different regions of our country. Methodology: For this purpose, the method of library research, field research and stating rational reasons (reciprocating-intuitive arguments) are used to identify the main role of Senasir and express the contradictions in previous researches and implicit functions of Senasir.
Conclusion: In this regard, it should be mentioned that in most of the previous studies, Senasir has been defined as a space for the use of windflaw and space for living, but in this research, hypotheses are expressed and proved by rational reasoning indicating that it has not been a place or location to spend time or to do something in which the comfort conditions are of importance, but it has been an element providing the use of maximum airflow in the 6-door and 5-door rooms as well as safety and preservation of privacy. In this research, it has been argued that there are other benefits, such as shading on the wall and the central courtyard, or the interface between the upper floor spaces, etcetc.,, but none of them was the main reason for the creation of Senasir, but there were benefits for the inhabitants of the house along with the main performance of SenasirSenasir,, as stated above.


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