Study of Structure and Viewing Angles of Persian Garden in Persian Garden Paintings and Garden carpets in Safavid Period

Document Type : Research Article


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2 student


Iranian garden is one of the frequent and popular subject matters in Iranian paintings and carpets. The
various types of Iranian art in Islamic period widely focused on displaying gardens. The present study
aimed at examining Iranian garden and the process of building gardens in Safavid period in two visual
fields of painting and scarpets. Therefore, this researchtries to study the composition and viewing angles
of on garden carpets and Iranian paintings of the Safavid period and their mutual relationship. soSo that it
could reach a comprehensive structure of designing gardens and spectator’s visual imagination in this two
visual fields.
The study was in a type of descriptive analytic approach and data analysis was carried out inductively.
The study was a qualitative research with a comparative approach. The main part of this study is based on
library obtained data. The purpose was to investigate the main structure of garden in carpets and Iranian
paintings of the Safavid period, to find out existing similarities and differences between these two visual
fields. The main research question here is that what kind of the structural linkage is there between the form
of garden in paintings and carpets of Safavid period?
The hypothesis is that the two artistic forms of garden carpets and paintings have mutual effects and
intertextual linkage.Therefore, and based on carried out investigations in Safavid period, we selected 20
carpets and 46 paintings,and finally we randomly selected 5 samples out of each group for analysis then
we tried to confirm the hypothesis having structuralistic and intertextuasl orientation. . The results showed
that the composition of Persian gardens in the Safavid paintings and garden carpets was derived from the
Chahar Bagh pattern with the emphasis on the centrality of dock, water distribution network, symmetry,
naturalism, harmony of elements of the garden and the separation of spaces. existingExisting viewing
angels varied according to the spectator’s position.


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