Didactic Architecture and Music in Zurkhaneh

Document Type : Research Article



Zurkhaneh is a firm phenomenon of Iranian-Islamic culture which contains some didactic characteristics of our ancestors’ traditions. These characteristics are formed by holistic thinking of our ancestors. This holistic thinking a whole has unified different parts of these characteristics. According to the holistic minds of the Iranian people, all elements of a phenomenon have been seeking to achieve a goal. Architecture and music as, respectively, the objective and the subjective elements which are located at the two ends of the spectrum of Zurkhaneh phenomena are proofs for the claim that Zurkhaneh is formed for training and education of heroic and humane characters.
This study aims to find the educational perspective which is common between these objective (architecture) and subjective (music) elements of Zurkhaneh. Based on the findings of this study, the architecture and the music of Zurkhaneh aim to, make people interested in Zukhaneh ideas and, moreover, to place these ideas in their minds. They try to achieve this goal through simplicity and getting close to people’s lives, getting away from artificiality and specialized complexities as well as adherence to the principles of simplicity and convenience. In this framework, architectural and musical components are selected such that one can easily create them or keep them in mind. Scrutability, simplicity, and humanism were of the features which realize the aim of the establishers of zurkhaneh phenomenon. All of these features are manifested in zurkhaneh architecture and music. This is a qualitative study which seeks some instances of the two elements of architecture and music by incorporating field and library methods for data collection. Finally, using content analysis and content comparison of the data obtained by information analysis, it explores the correspondence between these two elements.


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