Using Local Components of Territory to Increase the Social Interactions in the Navab Residential Complex

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Nazar Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.


Problem statement: From the very beginning of the construction of high-rise buildings, social interactions have been considered a critical and effective component. However, when it comes to the construction of affordable buildings, the lack of attention to this component causes social anomalies and social disorders to increase.
Research objective: The purpose of this study is to explain the territorial components extracted from the Iranian neighborhood as a mechanism that can increase social interactions in affordable high-rise residential buildings. Furthermore, the purpose of this study is to answer whether the Navab Complex has employed these local components of territory and how much they are preferred by the residents.
Research method: Many researchers believe that the concept of territory is influenced by time and culture. So, this paper uses analytical and descriptive methods to extract the components of local territory as the cultural form of Iranian habitation. In the next step, the extracted components will be asked of the residents of the Navab residential complex in a questionnaire form.
Conclusion: Considering the outcomes of the research analyzing the social interactions in Navab, the satisfaction level of residents toward the social interactions was reported as below average. By examining the achieved components of the territory, very few percent of residents were satisfied with the current situation of their territory; however, many of them were keen to utilize these components in their space. About social interactions, although few people were content with the current state, a significant number showed interest in boosting the interactions. In the meantime, two components of ownership and centrality were considered much less tangible and visible by the participants.


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