Perception of Pir Shaliar’s Pouse Prchitecture Based on Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenological approach

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Mariwan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mariwan, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Hamadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran.

3 2. Department of Architecture, Hamadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran.

4 M.A. Student in Architecture, Hamadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran.


Problem statement: Creation and criticism in architectural discourse are theory-oriented; Theories are also often visually oriented. The perception and lived experience of architecture have given its place to scientific experience with theories; It seems that the perception of architecture is clear and easily available. On the other hand, the same perception is not much appreciated in theories and sciences. Is the lived experience of architecture easily and clearly accessible? Is it not possible to deal with architecture without theories and consider a place for the lived experience of architecture? Is it only vision that should be considered in architecture or do other senses also play a role?
Research objective: The phenomenological investigation of the bodily perception of architecture in the form of a case study of Pir Shaliar’s house is the purpose of this research.
Research method: Phenomenology, both as a method and as a philosophy, is based on lived experience. This research is phenomenological and is included in the category of qualitative research; Qualitative-descriptive and according to Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology, she described and used Peter Zumthor’s concepts and categories to categorize the descriptions.
Conclusion: The findings show the diversity of architectural experience based on lived experience. Experiences that, although understood and experienced, are often ignored or not expressed; Either the theory precedes the experience or basically they do not value such experiences and consider them outside the scope of architecture. This research showed that the senses other than vision play a role in the experience of architecture and how Pir Shaliar’s house is experienced through different senses and creates a unique atmosphere. How in perception, the logic of choosing materials, their composition, and arrangement shows itself. The findings of this research have implications for theorists and architects who are concerned with creating comprehensive and complete experiences of architecture.


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