Pace Tectonics Role in Building Forms: Improving the Relationship between Buildings and Sites of Cultural Buildings 1978 - 2020

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Azad Islamic University, Zanjan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Azad Islamic University, Zanjan, Iran.


Problem statement: Recent developments in construction have resulted in divergence and reduction in the effective communication of the relationship between form, space, site, and architecture, which in turn reduces the audience’s experience and recognition of the inherent and actual concept of the building. Meanwhile, tectonics, as a long-standing technique, with a concept of poetic art can provide a solution for modern architecture which lacks feelings of architecture. Tectonic attitude can be defined as a factor, unifying space and form in relation to the site.
Research objectives: This study attempts to examine the relationship between space tectonics and the physical form of cultural buildings of contemporary architecture in Iran in the last four decades, via semantic measurement technics.
Research method: This study is descriptive-analytical using a mixed method. Theoretical foundations of research and field study were combined and sources, documents, as well as texts were examined using the library method. The main technique was measuring the connotative meaning associated with the concepts of contemporary cultural buildings in identical periods via the semantic differentiation scale. The appropriate pattern was extracted based on analysis and experts’ opinions.
Conclusion: The main finding of the research implies that there is no significant linear relationship between space tectonics and physical form in any of the periods. The conceptual model components are explained such that a change in space tectonics does not lead to a change in the physical form of the building. Therefore, it can be concluded that the form of contemporary architecture in Iran is different from space tectonics even in the conceptual image of people.


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