Recognition of the Houses in Tehran Based on Contemporary Fictions Written in the Period 1951-1978

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.


Problem statement: Numerous studies have been carried out on the spaces in a house to investigate the quality of this important place. The Iranian houses can meet most of their inhabitants’ needs due to their high quality. What brings high quality to Iranian houses is attention to their semantic dimensions, in addition to their bodies. However, this is less considered in contemporary houses. To enhance the quality of contemporary houses, it is required to emphasize both the material and spiritual needs of the inhabitants. This highlights the necessity of identifying the components influencing the meaning and bodies of houses in the past to apply them in today’s houses to enhance their quality. To this end, the architecture of the houses can be examined according to the fiction narrating various events in people’s daily lives. In the present study, those stories describing Tehran city from the 1950s onwards in the Pahlavi II period, when the writers’ activities had reached their peak, were selected.
Research objective: To study the components influencing meaning and body in different spaces of houses, where tranquility and individual feelings have been emphasized, in Tehran in the 1950s-1970s.
Research method: This research adopted a qualitative approach. The data was analyzed based on qualitative content analysis and the general plans of houses were simulated based on the extracted components.
Conclusion: The gradual changes in meaning and body of the houses in the mentioned period include the gradual removal of the rooms from the corner of the courtyard, removal of vestibules and conversion of them into the corridor and the hallway, and finally to a separating surface, conversion of the pond into a pool, creation of a backyard at the entrance, creation of terraces on the upper floors of modern houses, the presence of components such as transparency, behavioral diversity, privacy due to spatial diversity, respect for nature, the existence of closed, semi-open, and open spaces in most houses.


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