Renovation of “Traditional Turkish Painting Art” in a New Way in Contemporary Turkey (from 1900 onward )

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Student in Art reasearch, Art university, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph. D in Analytical and Comparative History of Islamic Art, University of Tehran, Iran


Problem Statement: From the end of the Ottoman Empire, the process of modernization in the social, economic, military, and artistic fields began in Turkey, and during the Republic, there was widespread propaganda to encourage Turkish artists to use the achievements of Western art. This led to the marginalization of traditional arts, including Ottoman painting. In recent decades, however, we have seen the re-approach of many Turkish artists in Ottoman painting, which seems to have a new language and has been formed for different purposes from the past.
Research Objectives: This study attempt to examine the influence of Turkish contemporary art on the characteristics of Ottoman traditional painting.
Research Method: In this article, a historical-analytical study on traditional Turkish painting was made, with reference to historical documents and study of works of prominent artists in the field of using Ottoman painting elements.
Conclusion: The tendency towards traditional arts, which began with the creation of nationalist movements, social will, and the encouragement of artistic institutions, caused many artists to take a new approach to traditional painting to revive national culture, achieve identity, and access a new language to express social and political issues. Comparison of these works in terms of content and structure with previous works showed that unlike traditional painting, which served to express court events and illustrate literary and historical texts, contemporary works, despite being influenced by the structure and visual components of the past, are more concerned with expressing political, social and everyday issues. In addition, the characteristics of contemporary painting have influenced other new media such as installation, animation, film, etc.


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