An Analysis of Urban Space from the Mindscape of Social Stratums of New Middle Class (Case Study: Enqelab Square in Tehran during the Second Pahlavi Era)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. in Urban Planning, Campus 2, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: Urban space reflects in social actors’ minds and it is shaped through their actions However, space actors do not necessarily have similar thoughts. Accordingly, urban spaces' production and transformation need to be further addressed from different social strata and groups' mindscapes. The question is whether we can analyze the social classes' mindscapes with regard to specific urban spaces using the analytical narrative research method.
Research objective: This study attempts to delve into new urban middle classes’ narratives of Enqelab Square in Tehran during 1952- 1979, which were included as a case study.
Research method:  Narratives of the new urban middle classes of Tehran's Enqelab Square during the years 1330 to 1357 were selected as a case study.
Conclusion: The research findings revealed similar and classifiable narratives from the new middle class, reflecting their mindscapes of a certain urban space. Moreover, their views of the Enqelab Square were classified into two periods. Seemingly, the period of such changes in individuals’ perspectives is in line with the material and cultural changes in the historical context. The reason is that when the political, social, and economic affairs find their appropriate position in the city, and the changes in such issues are caused by the variations in the material and spiritual conditions of human life. Places can provide the grounds for such changes since they have the possibilities for all kinds of actions.


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