How to form behavioral patterns in the space organization of Zargandeh and Daroos neighborhoods using Agraph software

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. in Urban Planning, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Azad University, Iran.

2 Professor of Urban Design and Planning at the College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: Recognizing and examining the relationship between space, behavior and or environment and community in urban studies is always important and valuable. The main issue of behavioral studies understands the relationship between humans and their needs and the formation of behavior in the environment. In this study, two different neighborhoods based on morphological structure (Zargandeh neighborhood with irregular-organic texture and Daroos neighborhood with regular-grid texture) were studied to investigate the effects of different structure of neighborhood texture and the roles of urban planners and designers on the formation of behavioral patterns which can be affected on the formation of the desired behavioral patterns.
In the present study, the main question is about understanding the difference between the occurrence and emergence of behavioral patterns in two different irregular-organic and regular-grid textures. This research is not hypothetical and seeks to describe and analyze the relationship between behavioral patterns and these two different urban structures.
Research objectives: The goal of this study is detection of behavioral pattern changes in different urban textures in order to prepare a suitable planning according to the goals of urban planners and designers.
Research method: The above research is descriptive-analytical. Because it has adapted or compared case studies and also it is comparative due to the comparison of the outputs of the two Agraph and Depth software. Type of this research is mix-method (quantitative and qualitative).
Conclusion: The formation of behavioral patterns in different urban spaces of neighborhoods is due to human relations. Existence of regular pattern in the passages has been lead to the high level of access, integration and strengthens the movement patterns. Wide field of view facilitates movement and increases security. Due to proper access of the neighborhood texture, the land-use patterns have been dotted and scattered. The presence of an organic physical form has strengthened walking and increased the sense of search. Parts of the neighborhood have been separated from other parts due to low integration and the existence of multiple dead ends and reduced sense of security because of the presence of many corners, cozy and limited visibility and have become spaces with no or limited visits.


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