A Landscape Look to Zurkhaneh, Reasons of its Creation and its Functions

Document Type : Research Article


Ph.D. in Tourism Management, Faculty member of ACECR, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: Zurkhaneh has been a place for sports and personality transcendence in ancient Iran. A place where there is lots of ambiguity in its origin and its reason. But this ambiguity has not prevented the emergence of commonalities in theories about Zurkhaneh. The extracurricular functions of Zurkhaneh in the society of ancient Iran have been studied in all theories. It has made this element doubly important in the Iranian city.
Research objective: In this paper, with the aim of studying the landscapes of Zurkhaneh, different theories related to the emergence of Zurkhaneh have been discussed and the functions of Zurkhaneh have been analyzed to study it as a landscape.
Research methodology: The method used in this research is descriptive-analytical and documentary and library studies by studying and analyzing data extracted from the valid books and papers.
Conclusion: Various theories attribute the formation of the Zurkhaneh in  Iran history. From the Mehr religion to the Safavid era. And each has stated reasons and symbols for the argument. In studying the landscapes of Zurkhaneh, it has been determined that Zurkhaneh has different functions such as a social place to gather, promote and propagate religion, education, education and culture, helping and supporting people and holding various rituals and ceremonies in addition to sports. A review of these functions can demonstrate the Zurkhaneh not as a historical place but as a unique cultural landscape.


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