Sociocultural Factors Influencing the Durability of Jāme’ Atiq Mosque of Isfahan

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Art University of Isfahan, Iran.

2 Master of Architecture, Art University of Isfahan, Iran.

3 Ph.D. in Architecture, Faculty member of Art University of Isfahan, Iran.


Problem statement: Jāme’ Atiq Mosque of Isfahan is a grand outstanding ancient monument of the Islamic era. It has been a subject of interest for several studies, but most of them have simply covered its physical features, and its cultural and social aspects have been neglected. Moreover, Jāme’ Atiq Mosque of Isfahan is a monument that has continued to endure throughout centuries. Therefore, this research attempts to find cultural and social factors influencing the historical importance of Jāme’ Atiq Mosque of Isfahan. Furthermore, it attempts to discover how these factors have caused the physical and functional durability of this building over time, especially when the rules and craftsmanship of protection and restoration were not yet identified.
Research objective: The purpose of this study is to identify sociocultural factors influencing the durability of Jāme’ Atiq Mosque of Isfahan throughout history relying on historical references and documents (i.e. the mosque’s inscriptions) and contemporary research. The results of this study can assist in developing the most convenient strategies for maintenance based on social participation and the preservation of life and structure of ancient sites.
Research method: This study is based on the grounded theory, using data that have been systematically gathered and analyzed during the study. According to this theory, open coding was done at first until reaching a theoretical saturation. Then, codes were classified and analyzed until obtaining selected codes.
Conclusion: Results show that five major cultural and social factors have played a critical role in the endurance of Jāme Atiq Mosque of Isfahan, including attendance, participation, founding and dedication culture, variability, and modernity, which have protected Jāme’ Atiq Mosque of Isfahan from collapse for centuries.

Conclusion: Results show that five major cultural and social factors have played a critical role in the endurance of Jāmeh Atiq Mosque of Isfahan, including attendance, participation, founding and dedication culture, variability, and modernity,which have protected Jāmeh Atiq Mosque of Isfahan from collapse for centuries.


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