Investigating the Effect of Lifestyle on the Spatial Relations of Qajar Era Aristocratic Houses in Mazandaran

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Assisstant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: According to researchers, lifestyle has a great impact on the introduction of behavioral patterns and mental tendencies and lifestyles of people in a society. In other words, the concept of lifestyle specifically represents the quality of life of individuals in a society. There have not been many studies on the architecture of Iranian residential houses in the Qajar era and its relationship with lifestyle. It also seems to be important due to climate changes and the diversities in residential architecture during the long Qajar period. This article tries to study the space discourse in relation to the lifestyle in Qajar era aristocratic houses of Mazandaran. Therefore, the main approach of this research is to understand the space in relation to lifestyle and its impact on the architectural space of houses. Because the houses of ordinary people are affected by the climate, the houses of the aristocracy have been studied.
Research objective: This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the lifestyle of the aristocratic Qajar era people on the areas and spatial relations of their houses.
Research method: Research sources are based on library and field studies, which are available in two categories: documentary and oral. To select the samples, all Qajar houses in Mazandaran that had documents and the possibility of field studies were examined.
Conclusion: Lifestyle is categorized into social, economic, and cultural components and the impact of each of these components on the spatial relations structure of the samples was studied. After examining the placement of the spaces in the studied houses, by drawing a Justification graph by the space syntax software, they have been analyzed. The houses of each Qajar era were compared with each other and it was concluded that even the houses located in a similar period of the Qajar era were different in terms of type and number of spaces, depth of spaces and there are also differences in how spaces relate to each other and this difference was due to the social relations of the family, job and livelihood, etc. of the residents, which can be categorized based on these differences in different patterns.


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