Relationship of Technology and Conservation in Contemporary Architecture An Analysis Based on Re-Reading the Role transformations of Architect in Architectural Conservation

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Architecture and Art, Department of Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Art, Department of Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Technical and Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.


Problem statement: The relationship between “Architecture” and “Architectural Conservation” based on interconnected common foundations, is a traditional issue. The problem of the present research, formed around a triple relationship among “Architecture”, “Technology” and “Architectural Conservation” parallel to technological evolution, has resulted in ambiguities in the architect’s role in the modern triple relationship, which has not yet been resolved in the developing societies.
Research objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the architect’s role in architectural conservation following the technological evolution from traditional to advanced in Western developed societies to attract the attention of developing societies to this issue.
Research method: This paper was written by a combination of historical and causal methods that are the qualitative approach’s subsets.
Conclusion: “Architectural Conservation”, after challenges that have had by pure attention to the artistic or technical aspects of “Architectural Technology” as well as the neglect of social values, nowadays, has chosen a middle ground that considers both dimensions and social values, affected by culture-oriented paradigm. The connection of “architecture”, “technology” and “architectural conservation” to each other and society as a rule derived from the culture-oriented paradigm, has made the presence of the architect in architectural conservation inevitable in terms of covering architectural dimension in this triple relationship on the one hand and establishing a connection between this triple and the society’s culture on the other hand. Besides, considering the architect’s ability to establish a suitable interaction with the experts of “Technology” and “Architectural Conservation” and create a favorable balance between these two domains, it is the architect’s responsibility to take on the leadership of this relationship as a professional duty.


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