Minimizing Energy Consumption by Optimizing the Exterior Skin Materials on the Scale of Urban Block A Case Study of a Deteriorated Area (Hemmat Abad, District 6 of Isfahan Province of Iran)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Architecture, Dolatabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Isfahan (khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

3 M. A. Department of Architecture, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran.


Problem statement: considering the extent of deteriorated urban areas and ignorance of energy/ climate problems in regeneration of this areas, make this subject, one of the main priorities of studies.
Research objective: comparison between alternatives, it can be observed that considering the principles of climate-friendly design in a small block of urban scale, even with maximum adherence to mass and space principle and the features of approved plan, make it possible to save energy by providing design qualities such as central courtyards.
Research Methodology: The methodological approach of this research is quantitative and its strategy is simulation and modeling using Builder Design software. Also, a comparative study method has been used to compare the energy consumption of three options (current situation, approved plan and proposed plan) for the urban block plan located in the deteriorated area of Hemmatabad.
Conclusion: In a comparative study, it is observed that in an urban block, even with maximum adherence to the mass and space and the orientation of the approved design, it is possible to save more energy consumption by providing design qualities, including private areas (central courtyards). The central courtyard with the outer skin consisting of Heblex blocks has the lowest energy consumption.


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