A Qualitative Analysis of Public Buildings on Contemporary Iranian Architecture in the Second Pahlavi Era based on the Architectural Tectonic Approach

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Faculty of Technical and Engineering, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor in Architecture, Faculty of Technical and Engineering, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.


Problem statement: The relationship between construction, structure, and architecture will be discussed here as it seems sort of divergence has been appearing between them. Here, the connection between structure and architecture will be defined by a word called ‘Tectonic. It seems it can create a coherent and meaningful framework for the connection between design, structure, architecture, and construction.
Research objectives: The purpose is to provide a precise definition of architectural tectonic interpretation, recognizing the possible unity or disconnection among the structures, construction, and architecture, performing analytical knowledge and determining the factors affecting the spatial uniformity by studying the public buildings of contemporary Iranian architecture in the second Pahlavi era.
Research method: For doing a tectonic reading of case studies according to the target design, the method of document analysis and descriptive observation has been used based on the phenomenology that was driven by the elite. Meantime, the selection of case samples has been made by examining the results of questionnaires that were distributed among the architectural experts. Moreover, in the research process, the MAXQDA quality software and SPSS statistical software were used to provide more conceptual outputs. Finally, using the Triangulation (the phenomenological reading, researcher’s inferences based on available documents and rich tectonic literature), the strength and validation of research in various aspects have also been studied.
Conclusion: The results show that architectural tectonic can be explained by the dimensions of the structure, shell, materials, details, and facilities, which are structurally related to geometry, participation in space organization, and visual induction of stability, in particular with shells, materials, and micro-criteria. Furthermore, the dimensions of architectural tectonic structures with their various components, compared to other related parts have been more presented in the structural tectonic reading of contemporary Iranian public buildings which were available in the second Pahlavi era.


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