Landscape Architecture Factors for a Reduction of Depressive Symptoms in Women with an Interdisciplinary Point of View of Experts

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD. Candidate of architecture, Iran University of science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Landscape Architecture, Iran University of science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor of Architecture, Iran University of science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: Current cities with their physical and spatial components have hidden the disease symptoms in their parts and the landscape architecture as the health cycle of cities creates mental health there. Rapid growth of depression symptoms, especially in women, has made it necessary to identify the therapeutic methods, the effectiveness level of landscape component, finding a common pattern in the urban context and proper urban areas in the current situation to fully utilize the potential of metropolitan areas in favor of women. It is expected that by ever-increasing growth of mental illnesses such as depression, in a metropolitan city like Tehran, it is required to conduct studies on mind, spaces in cities will be ready to improve mental health and reduce women `s depression.
Research objective: Tehran with gardens which are the main parts of city public places, welcome people , having health factors, are considered as health micro climates and can be applied as improving factors of environment in treatment duration to reduce mental illnesses specially women`s depression. The purpose is introducing the architecture landscape components in gardens for the aim of women`s health. to use such buildings in treatment space specially mental health.
Research method: To respond to the research queries, the researcher starts collecting the documents of relevant research and petitioning the psychoanalysts, psychiatrists and environment designers` views with the help of interview and questionnaire processed, data connections were analyzed with non-parametric Kruskal–Wallis test.  
Conclusion: The current study of regular geometry in motion routes and elements, allocating 1/ 3 of the area to water presence and considering its hierarchy, average plant density with accurate plantation in terms of height, variety of species, lighting similar to natural light, public lighting organizing and created shadows, green and yellow in a regular array of floor and natural material will be main elements to improve the space for women`s depression.


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