The Stylistic Similarity of Mughal Architecture with Malaysian Mosques: An Alternative Approach

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Architecture, ZHCET, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, India.

2 Architecture Section, University Polytechnic, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.

3 Department of Architecture, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.


Problem statement: Several typological qualitative studies are reflecting stylistic similarity between Mughal architecture and Malaysian mosques based on the occurrence of Mughal features. However, these features were distorted in their forms and materials during their adaptation in Malaysian mosques being a different region, climate, and period though the features were within recognizable limits.
Research objective: The purpose of this research is to explore an alternative approach based on components of feature to evaluate the stylistic similarity between Mughal architecture and Malaysian mosques during the British period.
Research method: This research is based on the similarity model and feature matching and it will investigate the aim through observation and case study methods by considering components of the feature as connotation with indicators to quantify the qualitative data. The methodology includes comparison and evaluation of dome, minaret, and chhatri as features from three Mughal case studies with three Malaysian mosques of the British period for their stylistic similarity.
Conclusion: The findings show that this alternative approach gives a more precise way to evaluate the stylistic similarity between Mughal architecture and Malaysian mosques based on the numeric value of responses for indicators.


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