The Impact of Modern Architecture on Expanding the Domain of Audience Consciousness and Its Derivation from the Merleau-Ponty’s Theory of “Body-Subject”

Document Type : Research Article


1 Associate Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 M.A. in Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: Based on Cartesian duality, human and the world around him are separated into two different issues, which is noticed more by the visualization of modern environments. Many phenomenologists sought to eliminate this gap. In this regard, Maurice Merleau-Ponty introduced the body as a matter of immediate consciousness by bringing up a body-subject theory. Perhaps it can be said that the idea of dualism in art and architecture has become more widespread because of the fact that the message of the artwork and the criticism which is formed is ignored in this era, and at the same time the integrity of the senses is ignored. Finally, it seems that in the architecture, the senses for body and perception like a cubism picture in which the subject of art is the form of space.
Research objective: The purpose of this article is to identify the concept of body-subject and its impact on increasing the perception of the environment. In this regard, the main question of the research is: Does modern space architecture expand the realm of human consciousness?
Research Method: This research, with qualitative research strategy and interpretive approach, attempts to determine the effects of modern architecture on observer’s consciousness by explaining concepts such as cognition, perception, experience, consciousness, embodiment specifically in architecture and their relationship with each other.
Conclusion: Differentiation in form, is observed as one of the results of critique (as the foundation of modern thinking) in different aspects of modern architecture and it is effective in interaction with the audience in creating his cognition. Form as the language of critique in modern architecture, leads to cognition, which depends on the concept of perception and conscious experience and it depends on embodiment concept itself.


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