Studying the Effectiveness of the Mental Patterns of the Timurid Rulers on the Timurid landscaping with the Cultural History Approach (Cases: Noe, Shomal and Meidan Gardens in Samarkand)

Document Type : Research Article


1 M.A. in Architecture, Tabari Institute of Higher Education, Babol, Iran.

2 Ph.D. in Art research, Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr Branch, Qaemshahr, Iran.


Problem statement: Persian Garden is the symbol of thought, culture, and beliefs of Iranian people throughout history. Meanwhile, the Timurid era had a significant impact on Iranian landscaping, its advancement, and its presentation to the world. Therefore, the assessment of Timurid landscaping and its hidden ideas can be a guide for today’s landscape designer.
Purpose of the study: The current research tries to detect the effects of the mental and cultural patterns of this dynasty on the landscaping of this era and the appearance of new physical features in the garden by examining the gardens of the Timurid era.
Research Methodology: To find the research question, first, the Timurid landscaping and its characteristics were examined, then the mental ideas and beliefs of the Timurid dynasty were assessed according to the writings of historians and authors present at the court. Finally, relying on the approach of cultural history, the relationship between the two components of the mental patterns of the Timurid rulers and the landscaping of the Timurid era identified and this relationship was adapted with the study samples. The purpose of this study was fundamental and the data analyzed in a historical-analytical method. Data collected through libraries and websites.
Conclusion: The results of the research indicate that some of the cultural foundations and mental patterns of the Timurid dynasty, such as Economic prosperity, urban development, respect for the nomadic tradition, appreciation of artists, displaying the power, etc., affected on the Timurid landscaping significantly. Creating some spaces such as the pergola in the Timurid Gardens and the conversion of the garden into political and economic prosperity symbol of the government are the results of these mental patterns and cultural foundations.


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