Qualitative Assessment of the Sensory Dimensions of Space in Historical Bazaars from the Users’ point of view (Case Study: Qazvin Bazaar)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Architecture, Architecture department, Islamic Azad University, Naghadeh, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Art & Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Architecture and Art Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch


Problem statement: Perception is our sensory experience of the surrounding world and requires the recognition of environmental stimulus and responses to them. Architecture is a multiple realm of sensory experiences that mutually affect each other and are interconnected and provide an opportunity for perception of a space. Throughout history, “ Iranian traditional bazaars”, with a vast collection of land uses and adjacent buildings, were lively centers of cities, and social interactions. These covered bazaars, which are valuable relics from the pre-modern era, can be considered as multi-sensory spaces, unlike contemporary shopping malls and shopping centers, which make sense of belonging to a place among users.
Research Objectives: The present study attempts to qualitatively examines the senses cape components in the Qazvin Bazaar from the users’ viewpoint, considering the importance of sensory perception system in spatial perception and the role that this perception can play in the process of cognition and behavior.
Research Method: The present study is a historical-descriptive research in which the data were analyzed using analytical-comparative techniques. The data were collected using secondary (desk) study and field study.
Conclusion: The results indicate that proper responses to various aspects of the sensory system in historical bazaars have created a multi-sensory environment while maintaining the interference of sensory domain. The qualitative cognition of the sense’s cape components in the present study determined that the visual landscape has the greatest role in the perception of environment, and like the tacti escape, it is fixed during the day. On the other hand, the soundscape and smells cape are considered as two stimuluses affecting the sensory enrichment of the environment, which have more changes during the day than other environmental stimulus.


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