Re-Reading Iranian Vernacular Architecture from a New Perspective from 1961 until Now

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. candidate, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Science and Technology University, Tehran, Iran.


Problem statement: The lack of identity and a sense of attachment to place and lack of attention to climate, nature and history have led modern architecture to face major problems. This has encouraged contemporary architects to search for solutions to fix the predicaments caused by modern architecture. This research is an attempt to understand how the integration of architecture, history and nature can offer a design that can satisfy today’s needs while benefiting from advanced technologies.
Research objective: The purpose of this study is to find the key ideas in vernacular architecture by focusing on climate criteria that can be combined with new technologies It is hoped that the ideas form the basis of contemporary concepts and pave the way for sustainable architecture. The possibility of examining the text of vernacular architecture from another perspective leads to the creation of a new language based on a direct reference to or a symbolic interpretation of the text This is also another question to which the response can help us achieve the goal of this study
Research method: The study is interpretive-historical and it is qualitative in nature. The data related to case studies were analyzed using the library method. Finally, a comparative approach was used to examine the similarities and differences.
Conclusion: The results indicate that contemporary architects have a vital role in developing the linguistic and contextual aspects of contemporary sustainable architecture. This requires understanding the main features of the vernacular-traditional architecture. In most of the cases studied, the initial designs of vernacular and traditional architecture have undergone fundamental changes in form and function during the transitional process and in many cases, the designs have gained symbolic features while responding to climatic issues. This has led to some kind of cultural and environmental sustainability. Also, the integration of advanced technology with vernacular and traditional content in some cases has made it feasible for architects to reflect the spirit of the times and create the modernist expression of the traditional concept.


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