عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The form of the city has kept integration among its elements within the history, so, due to varieties among its elements, the main form of the city has exclusive identity. Irregular developments in Tehran city have provided some problems rooted in social, economic or political issues which reflect in the city obviously.
Integrated form and shape of the city which in the past, it included buildings, ceiled and open paths and open space (square and semi square has changed general concept of the city aspects of architecture and social relations with rapid development and neglecting its past constitution and legality and also huge or mass architecture in contemporary era without integration among its elements.
Statement of problem of this research.In this order, the valuable historical texture of Tehran city regarding to extensive preservation by organizations in charge has been changed perfectly. In Khordad 15 Street and between Sirus crossroad and Galu bandak cross road, one of the most important historical places of Tehran city can be observed. This place was considered as the exclusive factor of communication between people and the government and as the main focus of social interactions in the past in Tehran city named Tekiyeh Dolat.
This research intends to answer this question; how the lost identity of Tekiyeh Dolat as a social thought focus can be restored?
The research method in these studies will look at the state-of-the-art pedestrian axis and the study of its constituent parts in order to achieve a desirable open-air urban renewal for the survival of historical open spaces and the attachment of citizens to the historical area of the city.
Finally this research intends to perform historical and comparative comparison of open space of Tekiyeh Dolat which just a painting has been remained from it and also restore originality and permanency of urban open space of Tekiyeh Dolat in historical aspect of Tehran city with field studies, and as a result, field studies have sought to restore the authenticity and shelf life of urban open spaces in the government's historical context.
Key words: Tekiyeh Dolat, urban open space, restoring permanent identity, sustainable originality, relation of city and citizen