عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Postmodern era has made diverse many aspects of human life, and nowadays, absolute dogmatic view of human has replaced by a pluralistic and liberal one. In new era, criticism, also, has not been away from this pluralistic zeitgeist; and today we witness pluralistic aspects of criticizing architecture works; – unlike the modern era, that claimed to be universal even in the criteria for criticism.
In this study, researchers would like to reason that architecture criticism is as a relative affair not absolute; however, they consider and survey this subject only from the point of view of Avant-grade architecture.
Avant-grade architecture works, which are the product of changes of contexts, needs, and Spatial and temporal requirements in each era, would be considered as a turning point in evolution of the history of architecture and style transmission. Thus, analysis of how to criticize and evaluate these Works in comparison with routine and conventional architecture works is more important and more challenging.
This paper is aimed at analyzing and studying how to criticize and evaluate avant-garde architecture works over time, in order to explain and describe the phenomenon of relativity in critique of these works. The methodology of this disquisition is Descriptive-Analytic Approach, and with a logical reasoning strategy. And data collecting has been done by a library method.
After responding to the question of research, and its reasoning with the help of two theories (the theory of “language games”-Wittgenstein, and the theory of “critique as behavior”- Wayne Attoe), finally by providing some historical evidence, the hypothesis is confirmed; and at the end of paper, it is concluded that if the purpose of architecture criticism is creating a positive change and also providing a forward motion in architecture, the predetermined criteria can’t be an appropriate choice for assessing and evaluating an avant-garde architecture work, and it is necessary to make new criteria for criticism regard to that work.