عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the approach that was developed in the decades after the twentieth century Based on environmental psychology and experimental work in the field of aesthetic landscape is dominated, landscape design and urban design, conceptual research and priorities in terms of published research has always been a leader in the field. On the other hand, the role of aesthetics in the perception and experience of its impact on the landscape, and aesthetic changes also, each day becomes more pronounced. Therefore, future research oriented perspective is that the aesthetics are very important.
Aesthetics is important in terms of landscape perception and landscape experience. Also it is undeniable influence on landscape changes.
Nowadays aesthetics plays a significant role in the landscape architecture and serves as a stimulus to fundamental change of the landscape on a variety of cultural values, including social justice alongside with environmental rights. Function of aesthetics and its experience is to provide new forms of sustainable landscape and contribute to its beauty, acceptance and make sense of it. By investigating landscape aesthetics and its necessity, the purpose of this study is to find the paradigm of the future directions in landscape aesthetics research in which the directions to the future of landscape research given by the aesthetics have been discussed. According to the qualitative data derived from the studies done, to understand the direction of the future research in the field of aesthetic landscape, three different approaches are considered and each is described in detail. Assuming that this three approaches including phenomenological, psychological and ecological could shape the general paradigm of the landscape aesthetic and determine the future directions in the research field of landscape, this paper seeks to find answers to these questions: What are the new approaches to the landscape aesthetics research? And how these approaches can be used to shape the future of landscape aesthetics research? The qualitative method based on logical argument is used in this descriptive analytical study. In this study, Scientists’ views and intellectual Typology of the past century has been achieved by the analysis of the approaches above and the obtained results and tables. If the phenomenological approach, is perceived as the exchanged type and the ecological approach as a holistic one, the aforementioned view would be concerned as psychological approach and the evolutionary type. In the conclusion, the outcome of this study suggests that considering to the future researches of landscape aesthetics, the approaches suggested above are neither incompatible nor contestant, but complement one another and they are the different appearances or expressions of the landscape aesthetics.